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很多雅思考生为了提高自己的雅思阅读成绩,做了很多题,但是成绩不是很有效。这时,你可以想一想,备课书的选择是否不当。建议考生多读彩票平台真题。 上海 麦考瑞 培训机构雅思编辑为您带来彩票平台 7 Test 1阅读和答案解析,希望能帮助考生提高备考水平。

彩票平台 7 阅读 Test1 原文 READING PASSAGE 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13,which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

Let 's Go Bats

A Bats have a problem: how to find their way around in the dark. They hunt at night, and cannot use light to help them find prey and avoid obstacles. You might say that this is a problem of their own making, one that they could avoid simply by changing their habits and hunting by day. But the daytime economy is already heavily exploited by other creatures such as birds. Given that there is a living to be made at night, and given that alternative daytime trades are thoroughly occupied, natural selection has favoured bats that make a go of the night-hunting trade. It is probable that the nocturnal trades go way back in the ancestry of all mammals. In the time when the dinosaurs dominated the daytime economy, our mammalian ancestors probably only managed to survive at all because they found ways of scraping a living at night. Only after the mysterious mass extinction of the dinosaurs about 65 million years ago were our ancestors able to emerge into the daylight in any substantial numbers.

B Bats have an engineering problem: how to find their way and find their prey in the absence of light. Bats are not the only creatures to face this difficulty today. Obviously the night-flying insects that they prey on must find their way about somehow. Deep-sea fish and whales have little or no light by day or by night. Fish and dolphins that live in extremely muddy water cannot see because, although there is light, it is obstructed and scattered by the dirt in the water. Plenty of other modern animals make their living in conditions where seeing is difficult or impossible.

C Given the questions of how to manoeuvre in the dark, what solutions might an engineer consider? The first one that might occur to him is to manufacture light, to use a lantern or a searchlight. Fireflies and some fish (usually with the help of bacteria) have the power to manufacture their own light, but the process seems to consume a large amount of energy. Fireflies use their light for attracting mates. This doesn 't require a prohibitive amount of energy: a male 's tiny pinprick of light can be seen by a female from some distance on a dark night, since her eyes are exposed directly to the light source itself. However, using light to find one 's own way around requires vastly more energy, since the eyes have to detect the tiny fraction of the light that bounces off each part of the scene. The light source must therefore be immensely brighter if it is to be used as a headlight to illuminate the path, than if it is to be used as a signal to others. In any event, whether or not the reason is the energy expense, it seems to be the case that, with the possible exception of some weird deep-sea fish, no animal apart from man uses manufactured light to find its way about.

D What else might the engineer think of? Well, blind humans sometimes seem to have an uncanny sense of obstacles in their path. It has been given the name 'facial vision',because blind people have reported that it feels a bit like the sense of touch, on the face. One report tells of a totally blind boy who could ride his tricycle at good speed round the block near his home, using facial vision. Experiments showed that, in fact, facial vision is nothing to do with touch or the front of the face, although the sensation may be referred to the front of the face, like the referred pain in a phantom limb. The sensation of facial vision, it turns out, really goes in through the ears. Blind people, without even being aware of the fact, are actually using echoes of their own footsteps and of other sounds, to sense the presence of obstacles. Before this was discovered, engineers had already built instruments to exploit the principle, for example to measure the depth of the sea under a ship. After this technique had been invented, it was only a matter of time before weapons designers adapted it for the detection of submarines. Both sides in the Second World War relied heavily on these devices, under such codenames as Asdic (British) and Sonar (American), as well as Radar (American) or RDF (British), which uses radio echoes rather than sound echoes.

E The Sonar and Radar pioneers didn 't know it then, but all the world now knows that bats, or rather natural selection working on bats, had perfected the system tens of millions of years earlier, and their 'radar' achieves feats of detection and navigation that would strike an engineer dumb with admiration. It is technically incorrect to talk about bat 'radar',since they do not use radio waves. It is sonar. But the underlying mathematical theories of radar and sonar are very similar, and much of our scientific understanding of the details of what bats are doing has come from applying radar theory to them. The American zoologist Donald Griffin, who was largely responsible for the discovery of sonar in bats, coined the term 'echo//location.href' to cover both sonar and radar, whether used by animals or by human instruments.

Questions 1-5

Reading Passage 1 has five paragraphs, A-E.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-E, in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

1 examples of wildlife other than bats which do not rely on vision to navigate by

2 how early mammals avoided dying out

3 why bats hunt in the dark

4 how a particular discovery has helped our understanding of bats

5 early military uses of echo//location.href

Questions 6-9 

Complete the summary below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet.

Facial Vision

Blind people report that so-called 'facial vision' is comparable to the} {} sensation of touch on the face. In fact, the sensation is more similar to the way in which pain from a 6 ...............arm or leg might be felt. The ability actually comes from perceiving 7 ...............through the ears. However, even before this was understood, the principle had been applied in the design of instruments which calculated the 8 ..................of the seabed. This was followed by a wartime application in devices for finding 9 ..............................

Questions 10-13 

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.

月 Long before the invention of radar, ...............had resulted in a sophisticated radar-like system in bats.

11 Radar is an inaccurate term when referring to bats because.are not used in their navigation system.

12 Radar and sonar are based on similar .

13 The word 'echo//location.href' was first used by someone working as a .

彩票平台 7 阅读 Test1 原文 READING PASSAGE 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26,which are based on Reading Passage 2 on the following pages.

Questions 14-20 

Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-H.

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A and C-H from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-xi, in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i Scientists 'call for a revision of policy

ii An explanation for reduced water use

iii How a global challenge was met

iv Irrigation systems fall into disuse

v Environmental effects

vi The financial cost of recent technological improvements

vii The relevance to health

viii Addressing the concern over increasing populations

ix A surprising downward trend in demand for water

x The need to raise standards

xi A description of ancient water supplies

14 Paragraph A

Example Answer

Paragraph B iii

15 Paragraph C

16 Paragraph D

17 paragraph E

18 paragraph F

19 paragraph G

20 paragraph H

MAKING EVERYDROP COUNT

A The history of human civilisation is entwined with the history of the ways we have learned to manipulate water resources. As towns gradually expanded, water was brought from increasingly remote sources, leading to sophisticated engineering efforts such as dams and aqueducts. At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.

B During the industrial revolution and population explosion of the 19th and 20 th centuries, the demand for water rose dramatically. Unprecedented construction of tens of thousands of monumental engineering projects designed to control floods, protect clean water supplies, and provide water for irrigation and hydropower brought great benefits to hundreds of millions of people. Food production has kept pace with soaring populations mainly because of the expansion of artificial irrigation systems that make possible the growth of 40 % of the world 's food. Nearly one fifth of all the electricity generated worldwide is produced by turbines spun by the power of falling water.

C Yet there is a dark side to this picture: despite our progress, half of the world 's population still suffers, with water services inferior to those available to the ancient Greeks and Romans. As the United Nations report on access to water reiterated in November 2001, more than one billion people lack access to clean drinking water; some two and a half billion do not have adequate sanitation services. Preventable water-related diseases kill an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 children every day, and the latest evidence suggests that we are falling behind in efforts to solve these problems.

D The consequences of our water policies extend beyond jeopardising human health. Tens of millions of people have been forced to move from their homes - often with little warning or compensation -to make way for the reservoirs behind dams. More than 20 % of all freshwater fish species are now threatened or endangered because dams and water withdrawals have destroyed the free- flowing river ecosystems where they thrive. Certain irrigation practices degrade soil quality and reduce agricultural productivity. Groundwater (218) * are being pumped down faster than they are naturally replenished in parts of India, China, the USA and elsewhere. And disputes over shared water resources have led to violence and continue to raise local, national and even international tensions.

  • underground stores of water

E At the outset of the new millennium, however, the way resource planners think about water is beginning to change. The focus is slowly shifting back to the provision of basic human and environmental needs as top priority - ensuring 'some for all,' instead of 'more for some' Some water experts are '{} now demanding that existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways rather than building new facilities, which is increasingly considered the option of last, not first, resort. This shift in philosophy has not been universally accepted, and it comes with strong opposition from some established water organisations. Nevertheless, it may be the only way to address successfully the pressing problems of providing everyone with clean water to drink, adequate water to grow food and a life free from preventable water-related illness.

F Fortunately -and unexpectedly -the demand for water is not rising as rapidly as some predicted. As a result, the pressure to build new water infrastructures has diminished over the past two decades. Although population, industrial output and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers and lakes has slowed. And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen.

G What explains this remarkable turn of events? Two factors: people have figured out how to use water more efficiently, and communities are rethinking their priorities for water use. Throughout the first three-quarters of the 20 th century, the quantity of freshwater consumed per person doubled on average; in the USA, water withdrawals increased tenfold while the population quadrupled. But since 1980, the amount of water consumed per person has actually decreased, thanks to a range of new technologies that help to conserve water in homes and industry. In 1965, for instance, Japan used approximately 13 million gallons * of water to produce $1 million of commercial output; by 1989 this had dropped to 3.5 million gallons (even accounting for inflation) -almost a quadrupling of water productivity. In the USA, water withdrawals have fallen by more than 20 % from their peak in 1980.

H On the other hand, dams, aqueducts and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built, particularly in developing countries where basic human needs have not been met. But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. And even in regions where new projects seem warranted, we must find ways to meet demands with fewer resources, respecting ecological criteria and to a smaller budget.

Questions 21-26 

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?

In boxes 21-26 on your answer sheet, write

YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer

NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer

NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

【 283 】 Ancient Rome.

22 Feeding increasing populations is possible due primarily to improved irrigation systems.

23 Modern water systems imitate those of the ancient Greeks and Romans.

24 Industrial growth is increasing the overall demand for water.

289}

26 In the future, governments should maintain ownership of water infrastructures.

彩票平台 7 阅读 Test1 原文 READING PASSAGE 3

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 27-40,which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.

EDUCATING PSYCHE

Educating Psyche by Bernie Neville is a book which looks at radical new approaches to learning, describing the effects of emotion, imagination and the unconscious on learning. One theory discussed in the book is that proposed by George Lozanov, which focuses on the power of suggestion.

Lozanov 's instructional technique is based on the evidence that the connections made in the brain through unconscious processing (which he calls non-specific mental reactivity) are more durable than those made through conscious processing. Besides the laboratory evidence for this, we know from our experience that we often remember what we have perceived peripherally, long after we have forgotten what we set out to learn. If we think of a book we studied months or years ago, we will find it easier to recall peripheral details -the colour, the binding, the typeface, the table at the library where we sat while studying it -than the content on which we were concentrating. If we think of a lecture we listened to with great concentration, we will recall the lecturer 's appearance and mannerisms, our place in the auditorium, the failure of the air-conditioning, much more easily than the ideas we went to learn. Even if these peripheral details are a bit elusive, they come back readily in hypnosis or when we relive the event imaginatively, as in psychodrama. The details of the content of the lecture, on the other hand, seem to have gone forever.

This phenomenon can be partly attributed to the common counterproductive approach to study (making extreme efforts to memorise, tensing muscles, inducing fatigue), but it also simply reflects the way the brain functions. Lozanov therefore made indirect instruction (suggestion) central to his teaching system. In suggestopedia, as he called his method, consciousness is shifted away from the curriculum to focus on something peripheral. The curriculum then becomes peripheral and is dealt with by the reserve capacity of the brain.

The suggestopedic approach to foreign language learning provides a good illustration. In its most recent variant (1980), it consists of the reading of vocabulary and text while the class is listening to music. The first session is in two parts. In the first part, the music is classical (Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms) and the teacher reads the text slowly and solemnly, with attention to the dynamics of the music. The students follow the text in their books. This is followed by several minutes of silence. In the second part, they listen to baroque music (Bach, Corelli, Handel) while the teacher reads the text in a normal speaking voice. During this time they have their books closed. During the whole of this session, their attention is passive; they listen to the music but make no attempt to learn the material.

Beforehand, the students have been carefully prepared for the language learning experience. Through meeting with the staff and satisfied students they develop the expectation that learning will be easy and pleasant and that they will successfully learn several hundred words of the foreign language during the class. In a preliminary talk, the teacher introduces them to the material to be covered, but does not 'teach' it. Likewise, the students are instructed not to try to learn it during this introduction.

Some hours after the two-part session, there is a follow-up class at which the students are stimulated to recall the material presented. Once again the approach is indirect. The students do not focus their attention on trying to remember the vocabulary, but focus on using the language to communicate (e.g. through games or improvised dramatisations). Such methods are not unusual in language teaching. What is distinctive in the suggestopedic method is that they are devoted entirely to assisting recall. The 'learning' of the material is assumed to be automatic and effortless, accomplished while listening to music. The teacher 's task is to assist the students to apply what they have learned paraconsciously, and in doing so to make it easily accessible to consciousness. Another difference from conventional teaching is the evidence that students can regularly learn 1000 new words of a foreign language during a suggestopedic session, as well as grammar and idiom.

Lozanov experimented with teaching by direct suggestion during sleep, hypnosis and trance states, but found such procedures unnecessary. Hypnosis, yoga, Silva mind-control, religious ceremonies and faith healing are all associated with successful suggestion, but none of their techniques seem to be essential to it. Such rituals may be seen as placebos. Lozanov acknowledges that the ritual surrounding suggestion in his own system is also a placebo, but maintains that without such a placebo people are unable or afraid to tap the reserve capacity of their brains. Like any placebo, it must be dispensed with authority to be effective. Just as a doctor calls on the full power of autocratic suggestion by insisting that the patient take precisely this white capsule precisely three times a day before meals, Lozanov is categoric in insisting that the suggestopedic session be conducted exactly in the manner designated, by trained and accredited suggestopedic teachers.

While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanov and his associates. We can, perhaps, attribute mediocre results to an inadequate placebo effect. The students have not developed the appropriate mind set. They are often not motivated to learn through this method. They do not have enough 'faith'。They do not see it as 'real teaching',especially as it does not seem to involve the 'work' they have learned to believe is essential to learning.

Questions 27-30 

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write the correct letter in boxes 27-30 on your answer sheet.

27 The book Educating Psyche is mainly concerned with

A the power of suggestion in learning.

B a particular technique for learning based on emotions.

C the effects of emotion on the imagination and the unconscious.

D ways of learning which are not traditional.

28 Lozanov 's theory claims that, when we try to remember things,

A unimportant details are the easiest to recall

B concentrating hard produces the best results.

C the most significant facts are most easily recalled.

D peripheral vision is not important.

29 In this passage, the author uses the examples of a book and a lecture to illustrate that

A both of these are important for developing concentration.

B his theory about methods of learning is valid.

C reading is a better technique for learning than listening.

D we can remember things more easily under hypnosis.

30 Lozanov claims that teachers should train students to

A memorise details of the curriculum.

B develop their own sets of indirect instructions.

C think about something other than the curriculum content.

D avoid overloading the capacity of the brain.

Questions 31-36 

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 37

In boxes 31-36 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

31 In the example of suggestopedic teaching in the fourth paragraph, the only variable that changes is the music.

32 Prior to the suggestopedia class, students are made aware that the language experience will be demanding.

33 In the follow-up class, the teaching activities are similar to those used in conventional classes.

34 As an indirect benefit, students notice improvements in their memory.

35 Teachers say they prefer suggestopedia to traditional approaches to language teaching.

36 Students in a suggestopedia class retain more new vocabulary than those in ordinary classes.

Questions 37-40 

Complete the summary using the list of words, A-K, below.

Write the correct letter, A-K, in boxes 37-40 on your answer sheet.

Suggestopedia uses a less direct method of suggestion than other techniques such as hypnosis. However, Lozanov admits that a certain amount of 37.is necessary in order to convince students, even if this is just a 38.............. . Furthermore, if the method is to succeed, teachers must follow a set procedure. Although Lozanov 's method has become quite 39.the results of most other teachers using this method have been 40.............. .

A spectacular B teaching C lesson

D authoritarian E unpopular F ritual

G unspectacular H placebo I involved

J appropriate K well known

彩票平台 7 阅读 Test1 答案解析 Passage1

Question 1

答: B

关键词: wildlife other than bats. . . do not rely on vision. . .

定位原文: B 段第2 句: “Bats are not the only creatures to face this difficulty today”。

解决问题的思路: 哪一部分给出了除了蝙蝠之外不需要视觉导航的物种的例子,B 段说了诸如猎物昆虫、深海鱼、鲸鱼等物种是如何海豚生活在光线很少或完全黑暗的环境中,这更容易找到。

Question 2

答: A

关键词: early mammals avoid dying out

原位置: A 段底部第2 句: “In the time when the dinosaurs .”

解决问题的思路: ancestors 相当于 early mammals, survive 和 avoid dying out.

Question 3

答: A 关键词: why .hunt in the dark

原文: 第 Reading Passage 1 below. 段 483 句: “Given that there is a living...”

解决问题的思路: 联系上下文,对应的一句话说,自然选择使蝙蝠在夜间捕食,后来又说,这可能要追溯到过去。那时,恐龙白天捕食,所以哺乳动物晚上不得不捕食。

Question 4

答: E

关键词: a particular discovery

原位置: E ”段底部第2 字.and much of our scientific understanding of the details..."

解题思路: 理解定位句的意思: 用雷达理论完成对蝙蝠行为细节的最科学的理解

Question 5

答: D

关键词: early military echo//location.href

原址: D 段的第2 句和最后一句话: “After this technique had been invented....” “Both sides in the Second World War ..."

解决问题的思路: 第二次世界大战可以对应 {497.

Question 6

答: phantom

关键词: facial vision /pain /arm or leg

定位原文: {5 日} 段 503 句 “.like the referred pain in a phantom limb"

解题思路: 通过填写空题的标题 “Facial Vision”,可以先快速定位到文章的 D 部分, 然后你就可以在 D 段落} 的 5 个句子中找到 //location.href 关键字 referred pain.

Question 7

答: echoes/obstacles

关键词: perceiving /ears

定位原文: 第 s Go Bats "D 段 516 句、 6 句.the presence of obstacles ”。

解决问题的思路: 这个问题需要用两句话来理解: 感官视觉是通过耳朵传递的,虽然盲人没有意识到这一点,但是在现实生活中, 他们确实用自己的节奏和其他声音的回声来感受路上障碍物的存在。perceive 这个词在雅思学术阅读考试中多次出现,这就是 “感知; 感觉; 感知,相当于原文中的 sense., 答案 echoes 或 obstacles. 是从上面的分析中得出的}

Question 8

答: depth

关键词: before /instruments /calculated /seabed

定位原文: D 段倒数第3 句: “.for example to measure the depth of the sea under a ship"

解题思路: 按照解题的顺序,找到介词 before,,然后找到 instruments,,快速找到题目中的关键词。 calculated 的同义词是 measure,,然后成功找到正确的答案 depth.

Question 9

答: submarines

关键词: wartime /finding

原位置: D 段底部第2 句: “After this technique had been invented.”

解决问题的思路: weapons designers 可以与 wartime, 相关联 detection 是 detection 的意思,在标题中是 finding 的同义词。可以看出,这里的答案是 submarines. ,提醒考生,如果不变复数没有得分。

Question 10

答: natural selection

关键词: radar/resulted in/radar-like /bats

原文: E 第1 段: “.or rather natural selection."

解决问题的想法: 问题: 早在雷达发明之前,蝙蝠中复杂的类似雷达的系统是什么进化而来的?Sophisticated 这个词指的是 “稍微密集的; 复杂的,

候选人需要找出为什么蝙蝠有精确的定位技能。这里没有出现连接的原因,但是 perfect 这个词可以告诉我们这是一个自然的选择,所以正确的答案是 natural selection.

Question 11

答: radio waves/echoes

关键词: not used

定位原文: E 段第2 句: “It is technically incorrect to.”

解决问题的想法: 这个话题说蝙蝠也使用雷达实际上是不正确的,因为它们不使用雷达。导航时 not used 是关键字。标题以被动语音的形式出现。文章变主动了,但是因为核心动词 use 没有变,所以问题很简单。正确答案是 radio waves.

Question 12

答: mathematical theories

关键词: radar /sonar/similar

定位原文: 第 which are based on 段 574 句: “But the underlying mathematical theories.”

解决问题的思路: 句意: 雷达和声纳是基于类似的信号的。首先在 E 段的后面找到两个关键词 radar 和 sonar,然后在 similar, 空间中找到要填充的名词。这里的词序已经改变了,但是还是很容易找到答案 mathematical theories, 因为需要最多两个单词来填补标题中的空白,所以无法填写前面的 underlying。

Question 13

答: zoologist

关键词: echo//location.href/first /someone

定位原文: E 段最后一句话: “The American zoologist.”

解决问题的想法: 第一次使用声纳这个词的人的职业是 _ _。只要你知道 coin 这个词有 “发明; 创造; 制造” 的含义,你就可以很容易地将它与 first 联系起来 used. 根据文章,这个词是由一个叫 Donald Griffin 的 zoologist 发明的,得到了答案。

彩票平台 7 阅读 Test1 答案解析 Passage 2

Question 14

答: xi

关键词: ancient

原位置: A 出现在 the Roman Empire 段最后一句

解决问题的思路: 本段第1 句话,为古代水资源管理规定了本段的主要内容。接下来,城镇的发展带来了水坝和排水渠的发展,最后描述了罗马帝国鼎盛时期的水利系统。所以这一段的主题是古代的供水系统。

Question 15

答: vii

关键词: health

原始位置: C {第2} 的最后一句话出现在 sanitation, "preventable water-related diseases kill 的倒数第二句中."

解决问题的思路: C 段最后一句说: 每天约有 100-200万儿童死于与水有关的各种可预防的疾病。新的证据表明,我们解决上述问题的努力远远不够。虽然在第一句中我感觉不到健康和供水的关系,但是在阅读了下面的文字后,我可以感觉到作者在谈论健康,特别是, 出现单词 sanitation 后,基本上可以确定答案是 vii 。

Question 16

答: v

关键词: effect

定位原文: D 段落整段从第2 句开始

解决问题的思路: D 段是描述性段落。用第1 句话来说,“我们水资源政策的后果远没有危害人类健康那么简单。”很明显,这一段不是关于健康的,但同时我们也确认 C 段是关于健康的。那么个人健康结束后,你想谈谈地球的健康吗?因此,候选人在这一段中找到了 freshwater fish…threatened…endangered…degrade…soil quality…reduce…agricultural productivity…等等,在与环境相关的相同语言中,所以没有必要阅读决赛,候选人应该已经能够看到这个问题的答案是 v.

Question 17

答: i

关键词: revision, policy

原文: E 段第1 句 解题思路: 第 E 段第一句说: “At the outset of the new millennium,however,the way resource planners think about water is beginning to change ”。 这句话中的 changed 可以对应于 revision。考生也可以在第三句中找到 Some water experts are now} demanding.这是答案中的 scientists call for.。下面的考生还可以找 this shift in philosophy, 这一点在整个段落中可以对应 policy. ,shift, shifting 以及其他表示不断变化的单词出现,所以最合适的答案是 i.

Question 18

答: ix

关键词: surprisingly downward

原文: F 段第1 句

F 段第一句话说: Fortunately -and unexpectedly -the demand for water is not 段落最后一句中提到的 rising as rapidly as some predicted. F: And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen. 合在一起,可以与 heading 中的 “惊人下降趋势” 相比,这是一个不错的选择。

Question 19

答: ii

关键词: explanation, reduced

原文: G 段第1 句

解题思路: What explains this remarkable turn of events? 一句中的 turn of events 是指 {664 段中提到的水需求减少,因此,答案应该是 ii.。如果候选将 F 段与 G 段连接,则会发现选项的逻辑一致性。

ix: a surprising downward trend in demand for water

ii: an explanation for reduced water use

Question 20

答: x

关键词: raise, standard

定位原文: H 段第2 句: “But such projects must be.”

解决问题的思路: 677 段的 {第2} higher specifications 等于选项中的 raise standards,。答案是 x. 也更容易理解

Question 21

答: NO

关键词: Ancient Rome

定位原文: A 段最后一句话: “At the height of the Roman Empire.”在罗马帝国的鼎盛时期,有 9 人 以创新的方式铺设主要水利系统、排水管道和污水管道,为城市居民供水。当时,罗马的人均用水量与工业社会的许多地方相当。

解题思路: 关键词是 as much.as, 这个短语与标题中的 higher than 冲突,两者明显不匹配。所以答案是 NO.

Question 22

答: YES

关键词: irrigation system 或按顺序原则在 B 中的位置

原位置: B 段底部第2 句: “Food production has kept pace with .” 粮食供应能够跟上人口激增的步伐,这主要是因为人工灌溉系统的发展使世界粮食产量增加了 40%。

解题思路: 题中 feeding increasing population 对应文中的 Food production has kept pace with 问题中的 soaring populations, due primarily to 在文本中变为 mainly because of, ,在问题中变为 improved irrigation system 是文本中的 expansion of artificial irrigation systems.

Question 23

答: NOT GIVEN

关键词: ancient Greeks and Romans

定位原文: C ”段第1 句.with water services inferior to those available to the ancient Greeks and Romans “世界上一半的人口比古希腊和古罗马的水更少。

解决问题的思路: 标题中的古希腊和古罗马终于出现了,但是围绕它,没有一个说法是现代人模仿了他们的水利系统。从上面的句子中,这个结论根本就不能介绍,可见的话题完全没有提到风格 NOT GIVEN.

Question 24

答: NO

关键词: industrial growth 原文: 第 which are based on 段 714 句、第3 句: “Although population, industrial output.has actually fallen ”。 虽然在发达国家,人口仍在快速增长,工业和经济仍在快速发展,但地下水和地表水的开采速度已经放缓。在世界一些地方,人们对水资源的需求甚至下降了。

解决问题思路: 标题称,工业增长增加了对水的整体需求,而文章称,速度有所放缓,甚至需求有所下降。两者明显是矛盾的,所以答案是 NO.

Question 25

答: YES

关键词: modem technologies, domestic 或按照 24 个问题的顺序找到 G 段 定位原文: G 第四段 “But since 1980”."但是自从 1980 年以来,人均用水量确实有所下降,这主要是由于一系列新技术在家庭和工业节水中的作用。

解决问题的思路: 本文对 decreased 标题中对应的 reduction, 的所有用水量进行了降低。这是 YES. 的一个很容易区分的别

Question 26

答: NOT GIVEN

关键词: government, water infrastructures

定位原文: H 段落位于第1 句的 infrastructure

解决问题的思路: 原文只说未来要建设各种设施,但没有提到国家是否应该有水利设施,是否应该有水利设施,更没有提到国家是否应该有水利设施,

彩票平台 7 阅读 Test1 答案解析 Passage 3

Question 27

答: D

关键词: Educating Psyche

原定位: 第1 段第一句: “Educating Psyche by Bemie Neville is .”

解题思路: 作者在一开始就把这本书的主要内容揭示出来,就是关于激进的新的教学方法。标题中的 mainly concern 相当于文本中的 look at; radical new 这两个形容词在 D 选项中相当于 not traditional,, 所以可以判断正确答案是 D. 个别校友被 C 困扰,因为好像 emotion, imagination, unconscious 这样的词语也出现在正文的第一段,仔细辨认 the effects of emotion, imagination and the unconscious on learning 这句话会发现,它是关于情感、想象和潜意识对学习的影响,而不是情感对想象和潜意识的影响,这句话在 C {这是一个典型的混淆术语。

Question 28

答: A

关键词: Lozanov 's theory

定位原文: “{第2} 第2 段 757.”

解决问题的思路: 这句话之后,笔者立即举了两个例子: 读书和听演讲。我们没有记住这本书的内容或演讲的主题,但是,回忆演讲者的颜色、装订、字体和外观更容易, 甚至是礼堂里坏了的空调。与主题相比,这些小细节微不足道。作者生动的例子说明标题中所说的 "当我们试着记住一点,我们经常记住一些无关紧要的细节",所以答案是 A

Question 29

答: B

关键词: book/lecture

原定位: 第2 段

解决问题的思路: 由于文章不涵盖此选项的内容,候选人可以排除 C。D 选项中提到的催眠在第2 段中根本没有提到,也可以直接排除。在 A 和 B 项中,A 与文本中描述的内容不匹配。课文是用两个例子来理解我们的记忆,往往是记住了无关紧要的细节,而不是说明和演讲促进注意力集中的重要性。因此 B 是正确的答案,本文给出的两个例子就相当于论证,证明他关于教学方法的理论是有理有据的。

Question 30

答: C

关键词: Lozanov

原定位: 第3 段底部 “{第2}.” 772 字

解决问题的想法: 选项 C 中的 something other than the curriculum content 可以与前一句中的 shifted away 相匹配 from the curriculum to focus on something peripheral 对应。即使候选人根本不知道 peripheral 这个词,它也可以来自 shift away 短语猜测焦点从 curriculum 转移到其他地方,然后正确的答案可能是 C

Question 31

答: FALSE

关键词: in the fourth paragraph

定位原文: 第七段第四至第四句 “.the teacher reads the text slowly and solemnly…in the second part …while the teacher reads the text in a normal speaking voice."

解决问题的思路:

本文提到了教学的两个阶段: 从古典音乐的第一阶段到巴洛克音乐的第二阶段, 教师也从第一阶段的 “用缓慢而庄严的语气朗读课文” 转变为 “用正常的语气朗读课文”第二个阶段,证明改变的不仅仅是音乐,还有老师的阅读方法。 Question 32

答: FALSE

关键词: prior to

定位原文: 文章第2 段第五句: “through meeting with the staff.” 通过与对这种语言学习方式感到满意的老师和学生交流,他们形成了一种期望,即下一次学习将会简单轻松

解题思路: 原文中的 easy and pleasant 与标题中的 demanding 冲突,可见答案应为 FALSE

Question 33

答: TRUE

关键词: follow-up

原文: 第四段第六句: “Such methods are not unusual in language teaching”

解题思路: 这些方法在语言教学中是很常见的。言外之意是教学方法后续课程中使用的教学方法为 games 或 improvised dramatisation, 也用于普通教学。推测后续课程采用与传统课堂类似的教学方式。

Question 34

答: NOT GIVEN

关键词: improvements in their memory

原定位: 第六段最后一句 “Another difference from conventional teaching is .” 与传统的教学模式不同,在间接暗示下,学生通常可以轻松记住 1000 个新单词、语法点和成语。

解决问题的思路: 笔者简单地说,使用默示法的学生记住 1000 字,这比传统教学方法的效果要高。但是,并不是说记住 1000 个单词就意味着他们的记忆能力得到了提高。根据文章中给出的证据,我们不能推断出这个结论。所以答案是 NOT GIVEN

Question 35

答: NOT GIVEN

关键词: teachers

原定位: 第六段最后一句 “Another difference from conventional teaching is .”

解决问题的思路: 文章中提到 suggestopedia 和 conventional teaching, 但主要讲的是两者的区别和联系,并没有说明老师对两者的偏爱,所以答案是 NOT GIVEN.

Question 36

答: TRUE

关键词: new vocabulary

原定位: 第六段最后一句 “Another difference from conventional teaching is .” (与传统教学模式的另一个不同之处是,在间接暗示法下,学生通常可以轻松地记住 1000 个新单词、语法点和成语。)

解决问题的思路: conventional teaching 在题目中相当于 ordinary class, difference 暗示教学法比传统教学法更先进,后者则强调在暗示法下,学生最多能记住 1000 个新单词,显然, 比传统的教学方法有更多的记忆。所以答案是 TRUE.

Question 37

答: F

关键词: hypnosis/however/a certain amount/convince

原文: 第四段第七句: “Lozanov acknowledges that .”

解决问题的思路: 与催眠等其他方法相比,暗示教学法使用的暗示方法不那么直接。然而,Lonazov 承认,尽管 37 只是 38,但为了说服学生,仍然需要一定数量的 37。

翻看 Lozanov acknowledges,快速找到文章 a,后面跟着 38 个空字 H placebo, 返回头部,找到曾经出现在词库中的名词,考生得到 F ritual

Question 38

答: H

关键词: hypnosis/however/a certain amount/convince

原文: 第四段第七句: “Lozanov acknowledges that .”

解决问题的思路: 从 Lozanov acknowledges 中回头一看,快速找到文章 a,后面是要填 38 空} 的字 H placebo

Question 39

答: K

关键词: follow a set procedure/although/most other teacher

原文定位: 最后一段第1 句: “While suggestopedia has gained.”

解题思路: 题目中的句子翻译: 而且,教学方法要想成功,教师必须遵循一套教学程序。虽然 Lozanov 的方法已经变得非常 39 然而,大多数其他老师的结果是 40

文章说,默示教学法 gained some notoriety. notoriety 是这个问题的关键。这个词本来是臭名昭著的,但这里用的是著名的意思。然后 K well known 显然比 spectacular 更合适,所以应该为 39 个问题选择 K.

Question 40

答: G

关键词: follow a set procedure/although/most other teacher

原文定位: 最后一段第1 句: “While suggestopedia has gained.”

解题思路: 根据文章,L 的方法是 spectacular。那么老师的结果应该是相反的,所以应该在 G unspectacular. 中填写 40 个空的

以上是薛老师为大家带来的彩票平台 7 读 Test1 原文及答案解析介绍。希望对大家更好的备考雅思阅读有所帮助。


以上薛老师为大家带来的就是关于彩票平台7阅读答案的内容

你和雅思的故事 - Go Hard or Go Home

发表于 2019-04-26
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