主题: The bar chart shows the distribution of employment among agriculture, services, industries in three countries in 1980 and projected distribution in 2020.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
The bar charts describe the percentages of people working in three different sectors in 1980 and 2020 in three countries.
Overall, for each of these three countries, the proportion of employment in services has been increasing universally since the year of 1980 while the employment rate in agriculture has been undergoing an opposite trend.
In country B, the agriculture sector was the most important source of employment in 1980, with 66% of people hired into such sectors. People employed in the services and industries respectively accounted for 25% and 20%。Four decades later, it is expected that the ratio of people working in agriculture will decrease to 48% in 2020 whereas the other two sectors will see an increase with the figures to 42% (for services) and 38% (for industries) respectively.
The distributions of employment in the three sectors in country A and C were similar in 1980 and both countries will see the similar trend in 2020. In Service sectors had the largest number of employers (46% in country A 1980 and 67% in country C), followed by industries (30% in country A and 38% in country C) and agriculture (20% in country A and 8% in country C). In 2020, there will be a job cut for both industries and agriculture sectors, but an increase of job opportunities for service sectors.
(1)universally: adv. 一般
(2) undergo: v. 经验
(3) account for: n. 被占用
(4) job cut: 裁员
这台机器的真题解析由以下 麦考瑞 留学老师制作
麦考瑞 网校雅思教研老师，英国达勒姆大学毕业; 英语专业八级; 高中英语教师资格证等, 主要是雅思托福等留学考试。参加 麦考瑞 网校 World English A2 和 B1 、新雅思 6.5 写作和新雅思 7 写作的设计策划与制作。
主题: _ In some cities, there are few controls over the design and construction of new homes and office buildings, so people can build in whatever style they like. Do you think advantages outweigh disadvantages? _
Architecture, combining both the practical function to hold people and the taste of aesthetics of the city as a whole, is an interesting concept to many people. The governments in some regions withdraw the regulations on new buildings so as to encourage architectural diversity and innovation. However, in my opinion, the disadvantages may outweigh the benefits if everyone is free to build whatever types he likes.
Admittedly, it will be dull when all the buildings in a city appear to be in the same size and structure. A place will lose its uniqueness when all the architectures are made out of one mode. But similarly, a large variety of different buildings will add no distinctive features to the place, except making it look messy and dizzy with different styles piling up randomly. Worse still, some buildings may be designed by strange-taste artists whose works will unfortunately stand as permanent eyesores to the public. Therefore, a complete release of control on architecture is not a wise decision.
Moreover, the building materials and land resources will be less considered if there are no regulations. Experts on architectures have already worked out sets of rules for design and construction based on professional experiments and calculation, so many of the regulations have their own scientific reasons. If people build houses out of their own will, regardless of the compulsory requirements, the appearances of the house may be given more priority to safety and practicality, which could lead to disasters in the long run.
All in all, we should note that great cities are made by the buildings that are not necessarily all that iconic. Diversity and conformity are not mutually exclusive, so buildings should be constructed based on personal preferences as well as government regulations.
1 practical function: 实用功能
2 aesthetics: n. 美学
3 dizzy: adj. 头晕
4 permanent: adj. 永久
5 eyesores: n. 丑陋的东西
6 priority: n. 优先级
7 iconic: adj 标志性的
这台机器的真题解析由以下 麦考瑞 留学老师制作